A drought is an extended period of time when a region’s water supply is impaired.
Droughts can last for a season or for many years, and in some cases have even been declared after just fifteen days.
Most often a drought is caused by consistently below-average precipitation. Devastating effects to agriculture
and the ecosystem can occur as a result of a drought.
Although droughts can extend over many years, just a short intense drought can cause significant damage and harm
to the local economy. Mass migrations and humanitarian crises have been the result of some
prolonged droughts. Wikipedia
With California facing the most severe drought in 119 years, Governor Brown declared a drought State of Emergency in
January and directed state officials to take all necessary actions to prepare for water shortages.
Wildfire activity levels have returned to above average, as temperatures have gone back up.
In April 2014, several months earlier than normal, CAL FIRE hired nearly 100 additional seasonal
California’s municipal water distribution system, for the first time since its inception 54 years ago, has
stated that it is unable to provide water to local agencies, including farmers. Water scarcity has forced cattle
ranchers to sell portions of their herds. Farmers have left hundreds of thousands of acres of agricultural land
go fallow. New York Times
Economic effects will be felt nationwide as California provides over half of America’s fruits
and vegetables. Gizmodo
How can you help?
Don’t leave the hose running when washing your car. Using a bucket, sponge, & spray nozzle:
Saves 90-120 gallons each time you wash your car
Sweep sidewalks & driveways instead of hosing them off:
Saves 50-75 gallons
Take 5 minute showers instead of 10 minute showers:
Saves 12.5 gallons
Turn off water while brushing your teeth:
Saves 3-5 gallons each time you brush
Only wash full loads of laundry:
Saves up to 50 gallons per week
Reduce yard watering times, and water between 2am and 6am: